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November Unemployment Rates- Economic Confidence Up After Election

On Friday, December 2nd the U.S. Bureau of Labor Statistics (BLS) released their Employment and Unemployment data for the month of November. According to the BLS numbers Seasonally Adjusted U-3 unemployment was 4.6% down from 4.9% in October. Unadjusted U-3 was 4.4% down from 4.7%. According to Gallup unadjusted U-3 was 4.9% down from 5.1%.

U-6 unemployment was 9.0% according to the BLS down from 9.2% in October while Gallup’s equivalent “Underemployment Rate” was at 13%.

Interestingly, Gallup’s “Economic Confidence” jumped into positive territory shortly after the election for the first time since early 2015 and for only the second time since the index was created in early 2009. The week prior to the election economic confidence was at -11 and currently it is at +4. According to Gallup, “This is the first positive weekly reading in more than a year and a half.” Read the full story.

Gallup Economic Confidence

In other political news, President-Elect Trump has already set the tone for his Presidency by convincing Carrier to not outsource 1000 of the planned 2000 jobs slated to go to Mexico.

Current Unemployment Rate Chart-

Unemployment Rate Chart November 2016

 

According to the BLS Commissioner’s report for this month:

“The unemployment rate declined by 0.3 percentage point to 4.6 percent in November, and nonfarm payroll employment increased by 178,000. Job growth continued in professional and business services and in health care. Thus far this year, nonfarm job growth has averaged 180,000 per month, compared with an average gain of 229,000 per month in 2015.”

See Current Unemployment Rate Chart for more info.

Current Employment Data

U.S. Employment Chart 2000-2015The U.S. Bureau of Labor Statistics (BLS) has released its “preliminary estimates” for the current U.S. employment situation for the month of November 2016.

The number of Unadjusted jobs reported for November was 146.399 million up from June’s previous peak of 145.215 million and above November 2015’s prior peak of 144.122 million.

See Current Employment Data for more info.

Labor Force Participation Rate

lfpr-formulaAccording to the Bureau of Labor Statistics the “Labor Force” is made up of both employed and unemployed people.  Unemployed people are defined as those who are actively looking for work. Once you stop looking (i.e discouraged workers) you are no longer in the official labor force.

The Labor Force Participation Rate (LFPR) is the  percentage of the population that is in the Labor Force i.e.  Labor Force divided by Civilian Population equals the Labor Force Participation Rate.

So if the Labor Force shrinks because people quit looking for a job the LFPR falls. And because of the way that the unemployment rate is calculated:

  • As the LFPR falls it appears that the unemployment rate is falling
  • Even though there are the same number of people who can’t find jobs (but are no longer “officially” unemployed since they stopped looking for a job).

See Labor Force Participation Rate for more information.

Investing In Real Estate

inflation-adjuste-housing-prices

In this chart of Inflation-adjusted housing prices, we can see that for the majority of the time from 1890 through the present housing prices hovered around the 100 percent mark. However, there are a couple of notable exceptions… until the late 1990’s when low interest rates, combined with crazy government incentives drove the price of houses steadily upward. So an entire generation of buyers only saw housing prices climb.

See for more.

Employment vs Unemployment Chart

Employment vs. Unemployment

 

In the chart to the left, we see the longer term view and we can see that in zone 5 the official unemployment rate stopped tracking the employment rate and decreased much more sharply than the employment rate justifies. This is primarily due to a falling labor force participation rate.

See Employment vs. Unemployment for more.

Historical Employment Data

U.S. Employment and RecessionsIn this chart, we can see the historical employment data from 1939 through the present. But in addition to the number of jobs we can also see the recessions shaded blue. We can also not that jobs recently exceeded 2007 levels for the first time. But what is not shown is that due to population increases jobs should be much higher in order to maintain the same level of well-being. Theoretically, the Unemployment Rate should reflect this but due to a falling LFPR this fact is being masked.

See Historical Employment Data for more.

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About Tim McMahon

Work by editor and author, Tim McMahon, has been featured in Bloomberg, CBS News, Wall Street Journal, Christian Science Monitor, Forbes, Washington Post, Drudge Report, The Atlantic, Business Insider, American Thinker, Lew Rockwell, Huffington Post, Rolling Stone, Oakland Press, Free Republic, Education World, Realty Trac, Reason, Coin News, and Council for Economic Education. Connect with Tim on Google+